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00:04: Hi, my name is Father Mike Schmitz and you're listening to The Catechism in a Year Podcast,
00:09: where we encounter God's plan of sheer goodness for us, revealed in Scripture and passed
00:13: down through the tradition of the Catholic faith.
00:15: The Catechism in a Year is brought to you by Ascension.
00:18: In 365 days, we'll read through the Catechism of the Catholic Church discovering our identity in God's family.
00:23: As we journey together toward our heavenly home, this is a 155-a-reading paragraph, 1135-1144.
00:29: I'm using the Ascension Edition of the Catechism,
00:31: which includes the foundations of faith approach.
00:34: But you can follow along with any recent version
00:35: of the Catechism of the Catholic Church.
00:37: You can also download your own Catechism in a year reading plan by visiting AscensionPress.com.
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00:47: This is a quick thank you to all those who have supported
00:49: the production of this podcast with your prayers
00:51: and financial gifts we couldn't do without you.
00:53: We couldn't get today one, 55, that's for sure.
00:55: We are on chapter two, Sacramento Celebration
00:57: of the Paschal Mystery, a couple things.
00:59: You can hear the style of the different people,
01:01: the different authors of the different sections
01:03: of the Catechism when you're kind of reading it out loud
01:06: or maybe listening to it out loud.
01:07: Paragraph 1135 is really good.
01:09: It's kind of like, you know, those teachers
01:11: back in the day who say, okay, this is what I'm gonna say,
01:13: then they say it and then they tell you what they just said.
01:16: That's kind of what paragraph 1135 is all about.
01:18: It's like, hey, we just talked about this.
01:20: Now we're moving on to the next thing.
01:21: We're gonna ask a bunch of questions.
01:23: For example, the first question, who celebrates the liturgy?
01:26: That's what we're looking at today, primarily.
01:28: And the answer to who celebrates the liturgy,
01:30: first of all, is, okay, well, the whole Christ, right?
01:33: Christ the head and his whole body.
01:35: But the whole body doesn't just mean
01:38: all of the Christians on the planet Earth.
01:40: It also means, maybe even primarily means, all those saints in heaven.
01:45: So we're gonna talk about that paragraph 1137,
01:47: 1138, it's kind of really interesting, fascinating.
01:50: Also maybe 1139.
01:52: It's really fascinating because here's what the church says,
01:54: is keep in mind. Again, like I said yesterday, these are not empty rituals. These are not
02:00: just movements that we do. This is a participation in what is going on in heaven right now. And
02:06: we just get to see a shadow of what's the heavenly reality. And so, first reminder, who celebrates
02:12: the liturgy? First of all, it's our Lord, the whole body of Christ, the head, Jesus Christ
02:17: the head. Of course, all of the saints in heaven, all creation, essentially. And then from
02:23: paragraph 1140 to 1144, we're talking about, okay, the community, the body
02:27: priced with its head on earth also celebrates. And so just like yesterday, the
02:33: baptismal priesthood being so important, the common priesthood of the
02:36: faithful, or like I like to say, the kingdom priesthood, yes, and also the
02:41: ministerial priest of the ordained ministerial priesthood, which is, you know,
02:44: we're all united. And we're all, we all come together and we do our own part to
02:48: to worship the Lord in the sacraments.
02:51: And so as we learn about this today,
02:53: let's take a second and stop pause and call upon that same God,
02:57: the God that we worship at every mass,
02:59: the God that we come into contact with
03:01: who reaches out to us through his word
03:03: and reaches out to us through his sacraments as we pray.
03:07: Father in heaven, we thank you.
03:09: We give you praise and glory.
03:10: You are the God who always remembers.
03:13: You always remember us.
03:15: You never forget us and you could never forget us.
03:20: Oh God, help us to never forget you.
03:23: Help us to never forget the work of your hands.
03:25: Help us to never forget the love that you've shown for us and given to us.
03:31: Help us always to say yes to you.
03:34: Help us always to remember as you remember.
03:39: In Jesus' name we pray.
03:41: In the name of the Father and of the Son, you know, the Holy Spirit.
03:44: 155 we reading paragraphs 1135 to 1144.
03:51: Chapter 2
03:52: The Sacramento Celebration of the Paschal Mystery
03:55: The Gettichesis of the Liturgy entails first of all an understanding of the Sacramento
04:00: Economy, Chapter 1.
04:02: In this light, the innovation of its celebration is revealed.
04:06: This chapter will therefore treat of the celebration of the sacraments of the Church.
04:10: It will consider that which, through the diversity of liturgical traditions, is common to the celebration of the seven sacraments.
04:17: What is proper to each will be treated later.
04:19: This fundamental catechesis on the sacramental celebrations responds to the first questions
04:24: posed by the faithful regarding this subject.
04:27: Who celebrates the liturgy?
04:29: How is the liturgy celebrated?
04:31: When is the liturgy celebrated?
04:33: Where is the liturgy celebrated?
04:36: Article 1.
04:37: Celebrating the Church's liturgy.
04:39: Who celebrates?
04:41: Liturgy is an action of the whole Christ, Christus Tottas.
04:45: Those who even now celebrate it without signs are already in the heavenly liturgy, where celebration is holy communion and feast.
04:53: The celebrants of the heavenly liturgy.
04:56: The book of Revelation of St. John, read in the church's liturgy, first reveals to us,
05:01: a throne stood in heaven, with one seated on the throne, the Lord God.
05:06: It then shows the Lamb standing as though it had been slain, Christ crucified in risen.
05:11: The one high priest of the true sanctuary, the same one who offers and is offered, who gives and is given.
05:18: Finally, it presents the river of the water of life, flowing from the throne of God and
05:24: of the Lamb, one of the most beautiful symbols of the Holy Spirit.
05:28: Recapitulated in Christ, these are the ones who take part in the service of the praise
05:32: of God and the fulfillment of His plan.
05:35: The heavenly powers, all creation, before living beings, the servants of the old and new
05:40: covenants, the twenty-four elders, the new people of God, the one hundred and forty-fourthousand,
05:47: especially the martyrs slain for the word of God, and the all holy mother of God, the woman,
05:53: the bride of the Lamb, and finally a great multitude which no one could number from every
05:58: nation, from all tribes and peoples and tongues.
06:02: It is in this eternal liturgy that the Spirit and the Church enable us to participate whenever
06:07: we celebrate the mystery of salvation in the sacraments.
06:11: The Celebrants of the Sacramento Liturgy
06:14: It is the whole community, the body of Christ united with its head that celebrates.
06:19: Lurgical services are not private functions, but are celebrations of the Church which is
06:23: the sacrament of unity, namely the holy people united and organized under the authority of the bishops.
06:30: Therefore, liturgical services pertain to the whole body of the Church.
06:35: They manifest it and have effects upon it.
06:38: But they touch individual members of the Church in different ways,
06:41: depending on their orders, their role in the liturgical services, and their actual participation in them.
06:47: For this reason, rights which are meant to be celebrated in common,
06:51: with the faithful present and actively participating,
06:54: should as far as possible be celebrated in that way,
06:57: rather than by an individual and quasi-privately. The celebrating assembly is the community of the
07:03: baptised who, by regeneration and the anointing of the Holy Spirit, are consecrated to be a spiritual
07:09: house and a holy priesthood that through all the works of Christian men, they may offer spiritual
07:14: sacrifices. This common priesthood is that of Christ the soul priest in which all his members
07:21: participate. As Sankar Sanctum Consilium states, Mother Church earnestly desires that all
07:27: the faithful should be led to that full, conscious, and active participation in liturgical celebrations,
07:34: which is demanded by the very nature of the liturgy, and to which the Christian people,
07:38: a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a redeemed people, have a right and an
07:43: obligation by reason of their baptism. But the members do not all have the same function.
07:49: members are called by God in and through the church to a special service of the community.
07:55: These servants are chosen and consecrated by the sacrament of Holy orders, by which the
07:59: Holy Spirit enables them to act in the person of Christ the head for the service of all the members of the church.
08:05: The ordained minister is, as it were, an icon of Christ the priest.
08:09: Since it is in the Eucharist that the sacrament of the church is made fully visible, it is
08:14: in his presiding at the Eucharist that the Bishops' ministry is most evident, as well as in communion
08:20: with him, the ministry of priests and deacons. For the purpose of assisting the work of the
08:25: common priesthood of the faithful, other particular ministries also exist not consecrated by the
08:31: sacrament of Holy orders. Their functions are determined by the bishops in accord with liturgical
08:36: traditions and pastoral needs. Servers, readers, commentators, and members of the choir also exercise
08:43: a genuine liturgical function. In the celebration of the sacraments, it is thus the whole assembly that
08:50: is later ghosts, each according to his function, but in the unity of the spirit who acts in all.
08:57: In liturgical celebrations, each person, minister or layman, who has an office to perform,
09:03: should carry out all and only those parts which pertain to his office by the nature of the right
09:08: and the norms of the liturgy. Okay, so there we go. Day 155, paragraph 1135 to 1144. Okay,
09:17: this is, it might be a little nuts and bolts, ask in some areas, but also what an incredible vision
09:23: for what is actually happening at the mass. I love this. Who celebrates the liturgy? Well,
09:27: keep this in mind. It's the whole Christ, Christ the head, Christ the body, not just the body on earth,
09:32: but the body in heaven. And that's why paragraphs 1137 to 1139 highlight this massively.
09:39: This is the member. The sacraments is the work of Jesus Christ brought to us by the power of the Holy Spirit.
09:44: So what's happening in heaven, unveiled, unmediated, is what comes to us in the sacraments.
09:51: And so first of all, the celebrants of the heavenly liturgy are very present.
09:55: And that's why I love paragraph 1139. It is in this eternal liturgy that the Spirit and the church
10:00: but enable us to participate whenever we celebrate the mystery of salvation and the sacraments.
10:05: And so keep that in mind, that eternal energy that's happening right now, in eternity,
10:10: outside of time, the spirit and the church, enable us to participate in that whenever we
10:16: celebrate the mystery of salvation in the sacraments.
10:19: So incredible.
10:20: Now, paragraph 1140 talks about how because the sacraments are an exercise of the whole
10:26: community, right? The whole body of Christ with the head. Because of that, that means liturgical
10:30: services are not necessarily private functions, right? So they're not meant to be just for me, right?
10:36: They're not meant to be just even for any one individual. They're meant to be for the entire
10:42: church. And so because they're for the entire church, they reveal the church and they make the
10:48: church real, right? They manifest the church and have effects upon it. But of course, they touch
10:53: individual members of the church in different ways. So keep this in mind. So back in that,
10:58: what is this 1140 kind of getting at? One of the things it's it's driving at is back in the day,
11:04: there were times when maybe you're at like a monastery. So a bunch of monks, maybe those
11:08: number of those monks are priests. So they didn't really have what you would call
11:12: con celebration. So in a mass where there's multiple priests, you have the main presider,
11:17: right? And then you have con celebrants, people who are celebrating the liturgy with that main
11:21: and presider. That's kind of a relatively new thing because back in the day, you'd have,
11:26: okay, here's a monastery with a bunch of priests. And so they have these side alters. And so
11:31: keeping in mind the idea that here is these one priest at one altar, celebrating this one
11:36: mass participating in that. And so there'll be all these masses going on and they'd be
11:40: kind of private or quasi-private. And the church said, well, wait a second. This kind
11:46: of developed as a way to deal with all these different priests who are here in this monastery
11:52: But what it's done is it kind of makes it look like the mass is a private affair.
11:57: That's the priest's private mass.
11:59: And the church is saying, wait a second, the mass, you know, the liturgy, the work of
12:04: God, but done by the people of God, is meant for the whole people of God.
12:09: And so they were saying that for this reason, rights which are meant to be celebrated in
12:13: common, like the mass, with the faithful present and actively participating, should as far
12:18: as possible be celebrated in that way rather than by an individual or quasi-privately.
12:22: That's one example of what the church is getting at there, saying like, okay, so priests
12:26: don't be celebrating a private mass on your own when there's a chance, when you have
12:30: a chance to be able to celebrate that mass with the people of God present.
12:34: Hopefully that makes sense.
12:36: And why is that important?
12:37: Very next paragraph.
12:39: 1141, the thing that I said, I promised you, I would drill this in as much as possible because
12:44: of the common priesthood, because of the baptismal priesthood, the kingdom priesthood, because
12:47: You have been, if you've been baptized, you've been anointed a kingdom priest, a common priest of the faithful.
12:53: You participate in the priesthood of Jesus Christ, the one great high priest.
12:57: That's why the church quotes here,
12:59: Sacrissantum Consulium, and there's this phrase, this phrase that I heard so many times
13:03: in college when I was studying theology, and then later on in seminary,
13:07: it's this that the faithful should be led to that full, conscious, and active participation in Lerturgical celebrations.
13:14: So that full conscious and active participation.
13:16: Now, what kind of happened after a psychosanctum
13:19: concilium, right, back in the 60s, was declared.
13:22: As people took that full conscious active participation
13:25: and said, okay, I guess that means we need more lay people
13:28: to be, you know, you know, you're Christian ministers.
13:31: Or we need more lay people to be readers,
13:33: or more lay people to be, you know,
13:35: we need another job in the mass for lay people to have, right?
13:38: So not for non-ordained people to have.
13:41: Because that will be a way in which they can more fully,
13:43: more consciously, more actively participate in the mass.
13:47: And that's fine, because that's that's that, that's there.
13:49: That's not unreal.
13:51: It exists.
13:53: But what the church is getting at by saying
13:57: the face should be led to that full conscious and active participation is because,
14:02: not because you had now a job to do at the mass,
14:05: but because you always had a job to do.
14:07: From the moment you were baptized,
14:09: you were given a role, and that role is as a kingdom priest
14:12: with the ministerial priest, who's united, right,
14:14: to the great high priest, to offer up the sacrifice
14:17: of the son to the father and the power of the respect, to praise the Lord.
14:19: Remember, the two things that Mass always does,
14:22: always glorifies the father and always sanctifies the world, always saves the world.
14:26: So the church is saying here, don't forget that part.
14:30: That's what full conscious act of participation is,
14:32: is when you utilize and exercise, you're priesthood.
14:35: How does that look like?
14:37: Well, it looks like you're actively participating
14:39: when it's time for you to pray, that you're praying,
14:41: When the priest is praying in the name of the whole people, and that's a lot of the prayers
14:45: when he's at the altar, when the priest is praying in the name of all the people, that
14:48: you're uniting your heart to his heart, you're uniting your mind and your consciousness to his what he's saying.
14:56: And so, gosh, it's so important for us to get this.
15:00: If we get this, we will grow leaps and bounds and understanding what's really happening at the mass.
15:06: In our participation in the mass will be transformed.
15:09: And God will be more glorified, the world will be more sanctified, and everything will change.
15:15: Because that next paragraph 1142 highlights the fact that we still need the ministerial priesthood.
15:20: We still absolutely, without the ministerial priest, without the ordained priest, we can't
15:24: have the sacraments that we need him and his role because that's what Jesus did.
15:29: He gave us those ministerial priests in that role of the ministerial priesthood in order
15:34: to like, confect the Eucharist in order to have absolution in reconciliation in order to have
15:39: that anointing of the sick and confirmation, all those things have been given to the church.
15:45: By our Lord, of course, through the that Holy orders, the bishops, priests, and deacons.
15:51: Lastly, in variable 1144, recognize that the whole assembly is serving. The whole assembly
16:01: is worshipping the Lord. I eat but each according to our function united in the Holy Spirit.
16:07: And that is so important. It says the last line, the last sentence of today's reading is
16:13: in liturgical celebrations. Each person, minister or layman, who has an office to perform,
16:17: and you have an office to perform, right? You're a kingdom priest.
16:20: Should carry out all and only those parts which pertain to his office by the nature of the right
16:25: and the norms of the liturgy. So to be able to fully participate in the Mass is to say, okay,
16:30: I'm going to exercise this as fully.
16:32: If my job is to sing, I'm going to sing.
16:34: If my job is to read, I'm going to read.
16:35: My job is to just be present.
16:38: Again, keep this in mind.
16:39: The pews are not the bleachers.
16:41: Like if you go to a game, if you go to a concert,
16:43: you're sitting in the stands, you're sitting in the bleachers, you're watching someone else perform.
16:48: Keep this in mind.
16:49: Where the pews are?
16:50: That you're on the field.
16:52: Where the pews are, you're on the court.
16:54: Like you're there.
16:56: And you're there not to simply watch the priest pray.
16:59: You're there to worship with him.
17:00: Who celebrates the liturgy?
17:02: Here's what the church says, not only the heavenly host, not only the ministerial priest, but you, you are the celebrant.
17:09: You're one of the celebrants of the sacramental liturgy.
17:12: Never ever forget that.
17:14: I don't mean to be lecturing too lecturing today,
17:17: but this is one of those things I truly believe will change the world,
17:20: will change the church once we understand
17:22: what it is our job is at every mass.
17:25: Is to worship united with the ministerial priest,
17:28: of course, ultimately united with the one great high priest,
17:31: Jesus Christ our Lord.
17:33: Oh man, you guys, think about this next time you go to Mass.
17:36: I'm so pumped.
17:37: I'm so pumped for the next time you go to Mass
17:38: to be able to say, okay, I'm an exercise making them priesthood.
17:41: I have been brought here because I am one of the celebrants of the Sacramento Liturgy, united with my ministerial priest,
17:48: united with the great high priest, Jesus Christ.
17:51: You guys, okay, I'm calling it quits right now, okay?
17:55: I'm sorry, I'm bringing it in for landing.
17:56: Just get so ramped up.
17:57: So pumped up.
17:59: That's a couple days have been a little shorter, so this one's a little longer.
18:02: Heh heh.
18:03: I'm praying for you.
18:04: Please pray for me.
18:05: My name's Father Mike.
18:06: I cannot wait to see you tomorrow.
18:08: God bless.